Seeds of South Australia
Xanthosia leiophylla (Umbelliferae)
Cut-leaf Xanthosia
List of species for Xanthosia
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Seed collecting:
November to February
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [localised around Mt Compass & Cox Scrub; gone from Square Waterhole; needs sand, high rainfall]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling Depression
 Data Deficient   [most likely not in region]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [perennial; needs flooding]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Data Deficient   [imprecise location]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Xanthosia]
Name derivation:
Xanthosia from the Greek 'xanthos' meaning yellow; referring to the colour of the hairs of some species or to the flower colour of the type specimen. Leiophylla from the Greek 'leios' meaning smooth and 'phyllon' meaning a leaf; referring to the species glabrous leaves. 
Found on the southern Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east in South Australia, growing in sandy heathland and heathy woodland. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Rare in Victoria.
Plant description:
Tufted herb or weak subshrub to 15 cm high with procumbent or ascending branches. Leaves mostly basal with leaf blade to 50 mm long and wide, usually glabresent, bi- or tri-ternately dissected. Inflorescence on long stalk to 40 mm long, in umbell of 3-6 small reddish flowers. Flowering in spring and summer.
Fruit type:
Pale brown clusters containing numerous finely ribbed seeds
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing fruits by picking off clusters that are turning pale brown with a hard seed inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the fruits with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.