Seeds of South Australia
Dodonaea petiolaris (Sapindaceae)
Balloon Hop-bush
List of species for Dodonaea
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Seed collecting:
September to October
Herbarium region:
Lake Eyre
NRM region:
South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA region
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [new spp for SA; limited habitat around Cordillo Downs]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Dodonaea]
Name derivation:
Dodonaea named after Rembert Dodoens (1517-1585), a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus. Petiolaris from Latin meaning petiolate, alluding to the long petiolate (stalked) leaves.
Found in the far north-east corner of South Australia growing on the lower sections of the rocky slopes of mesa hills. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Erect branching shrub to 2 m high with sticky simple, broad-lanceolate to ovate leaves to 60 mm long and 25 mm wide.
Fruit type:
Maroon balloon-like three-winged fruit.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect winged capsules that contain hard black seeds, usually when capsule is large and turning red or brown.
Seed cleaning:
Place capsules in a tray to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was average, at 70%.
Seed germination:
This species has physiological dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA860 (21.01 g)30-4026-Sep-2008DJD1213
Lake Eyre
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.