Seeds of South Australia
Eucalyptus cladocalyx ssp. petila (Myrtaceae)
Flinders Ranges Sugar Gum
List of species for Eucalyptus
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty
NRM region:
Northern and Yorke
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Eucalyptus]
Name derivation:
Eucalyptus from the Greek 'eu' meaning well and 'calyptos' meaning covered; alluding to the cap or lid which covers the stamens in the bud. Cladocalyx from the Greek 'clados' meaning branch and 'calyx'; alluding to the flowers that occurs on older branchlets below the leafy part of the crown. Petila from the Latin 'petilus' meaning thin or slender; referring to the subspecies tall and erect-branched habit, narrow adult leaves and narrower fruits compared to the other subspecies.
Distribution:
Endemic to South Australia and restricted to the southern Flinders Ranges, growing hillslopes and ridges, on rocky sites or steep slopes.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
Single stemmed tree to 40 m tall with an erect branching habit, crown terminal and often layered. Bark smooth throughout, orange-yellow to tan, grey and cream. Adult leaves to 165 mm long and 30 mm wide, lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, glossy, dark-green above and paler below. Flowers axillary in umbels of 7-11 flowers, held erect on leafless parts of the branchlets. Buds to 10 mm long and 5 mm wide, cylindrical to urn-shaped, bud-cap hemisperical and rounded and much shorther than the bud-base. Flowers cream appearing in summer. This subspecies is distinguished from the other two subspecies by its distribution and combination of tall, erect-branched habit, relatively narrow adult leaves and relatively small fruits.
Fruit type:
Woody, barrel to urn-shaped fruit to 10 mm long and 7 mm wide, smooth or ribbed, disc descending, valves 3 or 4 deeply enclosed below the rim.
Seed type:
Grey-brown ovoid seed.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits that are dark and hard (difficult to break with a finger nail), with the valves un-open any time of year.
Seed cleaning:
Leave the fruits in a breathable container in a dry room for one to two weeks. This allows the valves on the fruit to open and release the seeds. Separate the seeds by placing all the materials into a bucket and shaking it to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other but can be very similar in shape and colour. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.