Seeds of South Australia
Cucumis argenteus (Cucurbitaceae)
List of species for Cucumis
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Seed collecting:
February to April
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Torrens (GAW06)Gawler
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Kintore (GVD04)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Near Threatened   [now known as C argenteus]
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Oodnadatta (STP02)Stony Plains
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened   [now known as C argenteus]
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern   [now known as C argenteus]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
  [now known as C argenteus]
Torrens (GAW06)GawlerLeast Concern
  [now known as C argenteus]
2 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
3 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeLeast Concern
  [now known as C argenteus]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cucumis]
Name derivation:
Cucumis from Latin meaning cucumber and the word was derived from the Greek 'kykyon' meaning cucumber. Argenteus from the Latin 'argentum' meaning silver; referring to the greyish tomentose hairs.
Distribution:
Found scattered across the northern part of South Australia, growing in woodland or grassland, mostly on sandy soils. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual vine growing from a perennial rootstock with stems trailing or climbing to 3 m long, scabrous. Leaves subsessile or with petioles to 2 cm long, leaves ovate, lanceolate or triangular, to 11 cm long and 11 cmwide, cordate, unlobed to 3–5-lobed, lobes rounded to triangular, dentate, hairy. Inflorescence a small cluster in axil of leaves with yellow flowers, male flowers in 2–15-flowered clusters, female flowers in 2–20-flowered ckusters, rarely co-axillary with males. Flowers in summer.
Fruit type:
Green to red, fleshy, subglobose fruit to 12 mm diameter, hairy.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing fruits, those that are large and turning green-red and with hard seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruit in a bucket of water and rub the flesh off with your hands. Drain the water and wash again if required to remove all the flesh. Then spread the wet seeds on some paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.