Seeds of South Australia
Atriplex velutinella (Chenopodiaceae)
Sandhill Saltbush
List of species for Atriplex
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [Likes deep sand; edge of range]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   [Likes deep sand; edge of range]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [needs good rainfall; red sands]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Near Threatened
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern   [Likes deep sand; edge of range]
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04) 
 Least Concern   [Likes deep sand; edge of range]
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Least Concern   [Likes deep sand; edge of range]
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [needs good rainfall; red sands]
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
3 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Atriplex]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Atriplex from the Latin 'atriplexum' meaning an orach, a saltbush; an Ancient Latin name for this plant. Velutinella from the Latin 'velutinus' meaning velvety, referring to the appearance of the plant, covered in scaly hairs like velvet.
Distribution:
Found across the arid part of South Australia north of Port August. Also found in Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in other states.
Plant description:
Erect short-lived perennial shrub to 1m high, covered in thin scales or scaly-hairs. Leaves sessile thin, broadly elliptic to broadly ovate to 3cm long; sinuate to bluntly toothed or sinuate-lobed; acute to obtuse, base cuneate to rounded. Male and female flowers on the same plant. Flowers in mixed clusters, axillary or forming interrupted spikes.
Fruit type:
Pale-brown, narrowly to broadly-triangular fruit to 8mm long, free except at the short broad-cuneate base; entire or toothed at the base; almost glabrous to tomentose; smooth or with 1 or 2 tubercles on either side near the base.
Seed type:
Black elliptic reniform seed to 1.5mm long and 1mm wide.
Embryo type:
Peripheral.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits that are starting to turn pale-brown, drying off and papery. Fruits can be collected directly from the bush or from the ground underneath.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. No cleaning is required if only the fruits are collected. The seed can be stored in the fruit or can be clean further. Rub the fruit gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 85%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
22890 (64 g)
22890 (64 g)
8-May-2007RJB72170
Lake Eyre
1-Aug-200785%-18°C
BGA63000 (78.37 g)5018-May-2007RJB71886
North Western
19-Sep-200880%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.