Seeds of South Australia
Baumea gunnii (Cyperaceae)
Slender Twig-sedge
List of species for Baumea
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Seed collecting:
November to March
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [does not tolerate salinity; B Overton has not seen]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [needs good quality water]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [highly localised in Mt Lofties; weeds a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Baumea]
Name derivation:
Baumea named after Antoine Baume (1728–1804), a French chemist and inventor. Gunnii named after Ronald Campbell Gunn (1808-1881), a British botanist and legislator in Launceston, Tasmania.
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in wet heathlands and swampy woodlands. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Queensland and Tasmania. Uncommon in the other States.
Plant description:
Slender tufted perennial sedge with very short rhizome. Culms to 100 cm high and 1.5 mm diameter; slender, rigid, terete; nodeless, striate; glabrous or minutely scabrous to smooth. Leaves to 1.5 mm diameter, basal; blade culm-like, as long as to slightly exceeding culm; sheath reddish or straw-coloured (but then usually with reddish tinges);  Inflorescence , interrupted-oblong in outline, narrow, erect, to 60 cm long and 1.5 cm diameter; dull red-brown to grey-brown with spikelets pointing outwards. Flowers in spring and summer.
Fruit type:
Slender red-brown drooping heads.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are brown, containing dark hard seeds. Not all heads will contain seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the heads with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place available.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was low, at 20%.
Seed germination:
This species is generally difficult to germinate, it has morphophysiological dormancy and complex germination requirements.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA219 (0.74 g)123-Nov-2007RJB75916
South Eastern
BGA3009 (6.32 g)50-605-Apr-2005DJD 128
Southern Lofty
not tested
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.