Seeds of South Australia
Beyeria lechenaultii (Euphorbiaceae)
Pale Turpentine Bush
List of species for Beyeria
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Nullarbor, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [on Glenelg River]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   [regerates readily]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA a)   (Probable Decline)
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA a)   (Probable Decline)
5 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Beyeria]
Name derivation:
Beyeria named after the Rudoft Beyer (1852-1932), a Dutch cryptogamist. Lechenaultii named after Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour (1773-1826), a French botanist on the 1800-1804 Baudin expedition to Australia.
Distribution:
Found across the southern part of South Australia, growing along the coast forming a low shrub layer or scattered through the mallees. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Green sticky dioecious shrubs with ascending branches, to 150 cm high, slender, with viscid angles and lines of white hairs Leaves very variable, linear to lanceolate, to 20 mm long and 7 mm wide, obtuse, truncate or rounded at the summit, attenuated into a distinct petiole to 2 mm long, margins more or less recurved, shiny and green above, white hairs beneath except on the narrow conspicuous midrib, the lateral veins obscure. Calyx with 5 overlapping glabrous sticky lobes, without petals, bracts triangular, to 0.5 mm long, brown, leathery, sticky. Male flowers in groups of 1-3 in the leaf axils, on slender more or less sticky peduncles, light-green to yellow or white, reddened in parts, pubescent at the base, more or less glutinous. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Dark green ovoid or globular capsule to 7 mm long containing 3 seed.
Seed type:
Mottle brown oblong seed oblong to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide, topped by a yellow fleshy aril.
Embryo type:
Spatulate.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing capsules, fat, green and contain dark, hard seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a week or two. Then gently rub the capsules with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieves to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
Seed viability can be variable and seeds are prone to predation.
Seed germination:
This species is generally difficult to germinate, it has morphophysiological dormancy and complex germination requirement.