Seeds of South Australia
Kunzea pomifera (Myrtaceae)
Muntries
List of species for Kunzea
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
December to March
Herbarium regions:
Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range; possibly not in region]
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [well-protected & stable]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [locally abundant; very resilient can spray and will return; ;likes disturbance]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [Coastal development a threat.]
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [Coastal development a threat.]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range; possibly not in region]
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooNear Threatened
, Rare
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [locally abundant; very resilient can spray and will return; ;likes disturbance]
2 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Kunzea]
Name derivation:
Kunzea named in honour of Dr. Gustav Kunze (1793-1851), a professor of medicine and botany in Leipzig, Germany who worked on Preiss' collection of Australian plants from 1844 to 1848.  Pomifera from the Latin 'pomum' meaning apple and 'ferre' meaning to bear; alluding to the species bearing small apple-like fruits.
Distribution:
Found on Yorke Peninsula, Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo island and the South-east in South Australia, growing on sandy soil often with limestone. Also found in Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Spreading perennial shrub with prostrate stems. Leaves are ovoid and green. Stems are reddish in colour. Flowers are a creamy colour in clusters at the tip of stems, appearing in spring and summer.
Fruit type:
Edible, fleshy, purple, round fruit to 15mm long containing numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Small light brown seeds to 2mm long.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing fruits, those turning purplish and soft.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a tray and leave to dry for 2-3 weeks. Then rub the dried fruit gently to dislodge the seeds from the opening on the bottom of the fruit. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 92%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
3386 (1.659 g)
3600 (1.7 g)
>10021-Jan-2005MKJ 73
South Eastern
31-Mar-200692%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
Jun-0572%47 d61 d
filter paper over moist sponge;
Incubated under winter conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)