Seeds of South Australia
Brachyscome ciliaris var. lyrifolia (Compositae)
Lyrate Variable Daisy
List of species for Brachyscome
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
June, November to January
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   [Taxonomic Issues.]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [limited distribution]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Brachyscome]
Name derivation:
Brachyscome from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'kome' meaning hair; referring to the short bristles or hairs of the pappus. Ciliaris from the Latin 'cilium' meaning eye-lash; referring to the fruit having the margins fringed with hairs. Lyrifolia meaning lyre-shaped leaves.
Distribution:
Endemic to South Australia and found in the Flinders and Gammon Ranges, growing in shrub and woodland communities, often in rock crevices.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
A perennial herb with ascending or decumbent stems with leaves, stems, peduncles and involucres covered in fine glandular hairs. Leaves lyrate to obovate with 2-8 irregular teeth, narrowed into a petiole-like base. Flowers mauve. Flowering between May and October.
Fruit type:
Brown daisy heads.
Seed type:
Brown semi-flat ovoid seed to 1.5 mm long, with serrated margin and covered with scattered hairs.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Pick heads that are maturing, drying off, with brown seeds that dislodge easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the seed-heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability were low to high, ranging from 45% to 90%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA750 (0.0828 g)5-Dec-2005PJA108
Flinders Ranges
1-Aug-200745%-18°C
BGA4700 (0.49 g)50+16-Jun-2010TST932
Flinders Ranges
1-Jan-201290%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.