Seeds of South Australia
Burchardia umbellata (Liliaceae)
Milkmaids
List of species for Burchardia
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU C2a(i))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Regionally Extinct
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockNear Threatened
, Rare
, Regionally Extinct
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Burchardia]
Name derivation:
Burchardia named after Johann Heinrich Burckhardt (1676-1738), a German botanist. Umbellata from the Latin 'umbella' meaning a little shadow or umbrella and the suffix -atus, possessive of or likeness to; referring to the the flowers occurring in umbels (an umbrella-like arrangement with flower stems all arising from a common point).
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, on the tip of Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, the Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east, in open forests, woodlands and heath. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Walws, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Grass-like lily with narrow, linear leaves to 60 cm long and 4 mm wide. Flowers white with a reddish centre arise in clusters (umbels) of 2-10 flowers on a slender stalk with two leaf-like bracts. Flowering bewteen July and October.
Fruit type:
Pale brown papery ovoid capsule to 15 mm long.
Seed type:
Brown seed to 3 mm long.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw colour and contain brown seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole head.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
7876 (13.39 g)
7900 (13.5 g)
>10022-Dec-2004MKJ 57
Southern Lofty
28-Mar-2006100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.