Seeds of South Australia
Caesia parviflora var. minor (Liliaceae)
Small Pale Grass-lily
List of species for Caesia
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Seed collecting:
December to January
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Caesia]
Name derivation:
Caesia named after Federico Cesi (1585-1630), an Italian naturalist who is said to have been the first to discover the spores of ferns and whose name was Latinised as Caesius. Parviflora from the Latin 'parvus' meaning small and 'floris' meaning flower. Minor meaning smaller, referring to the subspecies shorter habit.
Found only in the lower South-east in South Australia in damp open grassy areas in swamp and forest. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in the other States.
Plant description:
Tufted, glabrous herbaceous perennial lily to 20 cm high, with long grass-like leaves and with a branching rhizome. Primary inflorescence branches widely divergent, often horizontal but ascending apically, with usually white but also blue or purple flowers. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Pale brown 3-lobed capsules.
Seed type:
Globular black seed to 3 mm diameter with a tuberculate surface.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw colour and contain black seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collection, the seed viability was low to average, ranging from 25% to 40%.