Seeds of South Australia
Bulbine bulbosa (Liliaceae)
Golden lily
List of species for Bulbine
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [undercollected]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [in Dry Creek & Topperwein FR]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [lack of habitat]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [lack of habitat]
Braemer (MDD07)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Check taxonomy]
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Check taxonomy]
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Check taxonomy]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainNear Threatened
, Rare
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooNear Threatened
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
, Vulnerable
, Endangered
Braemer (MDD07)Murray Darling DepressionRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [Check taxonomy]
2 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexRare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Bulbine]
Name derivation:
Bulbine from the Greek 'bolbos' and Latin 'bulbu' for a bulb. Bulbosa from the Latin 'bulbosus' meaning bulbous; referring to the bulb-shaped tuber under the rootstock.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, mainly in the Mount lofty Ranges, growing in damp areas in woodland, grassland and sclerophyll forest. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect annual herb to 30 cm tall with round fleshy basal leaves and a bulb-shaped tuber immediately under the rootstock. Inflorescence a long erect spike with yellow flowers, perianth filaments equal and all with a circle of hairs. Flowering between August and October. Distinguished from the other Bulbine species by having a tuber just below the ground and the perianth filaments all with hairs..
Fruit type:
Round capsules to 6 mm long containing numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Mottled brown seeds to 3mm long.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules that are turning pale straw colour and contain brown seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole fruit spike.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 85%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA2200 (6.28 g)5026-Nov-2005KHB011
Eyre Peninsula
9-Aug-200985%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.