Seeds of South Australia
Abutilon halophilum (Malvaceae)
Plains Lantern-bush
List of species for Abutilon
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Seed collecting:
June to February
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula
NRM regions:
Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Braemer (MDD07)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Near Threatened
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Near Threatened
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Dieri (SSD03)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Near Threatened
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Near Threatened
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Watarru (CER02)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
Braemer (MDD07)Murray Darling DepressionRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
3 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexRare
3 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
3 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Watarru (CER02)Central RangesRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Abutilon]
Name derivation:
Abutilon from the Arabic 'aubutilun' used for mallow-like plant and quoted by the Arabian physician Avicenna as belonging to this or some allied genus. Halophilum from the Greek 'halos' meaning salt and 'philos' meaning friend, loving; referring to its saline habitat.
Distribution:
Found in the north-eastern part of South Australia, growing on heavy clay soils, stony desert loams along floodplains and in saltbush communities. Also found in the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and possible in Western Australia.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia. Uncommon in the Northern Territory. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Small shrub to 50 cm high covered in soft velvety hairs. Leaves on a long stalk, circular or obovate, to 3 cm long, hairy above, more densely below, margins broadly toothed except near base. Inflorescence solitary on a long stalk with yellow flower to 14 mm long. Flowering between March and November.
Fruit type:
Hairy brown papery capsule to 14 mm diameter and 10 mm long, with up to 10 segments, each with 2 densely hairy seeds.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning pale straw colour and contain dark hard seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).