Seeds of South Australia
Abutilon leucopetalum (Malvaceae)
Desert Chinese-lantern
List of species for Abutilon
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Carlisle (NUL01)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Near Threatened
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
7 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Carlisle (NUL01)NullarborLeast Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
2 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
3 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Abutilon]
Name derivation:
Abutilon from the Arabic 'aubutilun' used for mallow-like plant and quoted by the Arabian physician Avicenna as belonging to this or some allied genus. Leucopetalum from the Greek 'leucos' meaning white and 'petalum' meaning petal; possibly referring to the corolla which are yellow but white when dried.
Distribution:
Found in the northern part of South Australia, growing on rocky hill slopes, on ridges and creek beds. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Small shrub covered in short velvety and long spreading hairs. Leaves heart-shaped, to 8 cm long covered in velvety hairs, margins coarsely toothed. Inflorescence tubular with yellow flowers, turning white when dried. Flowering throughout the year.
Fruit type:
Brown capsule to 15 mm diameter with up to 10 angles.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning pale straw colour and contain dark hard seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA7900 (21.47 g)50+8-Apr-2011KHB574
Flinders Ranges
1-Jan-2012-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.