Seeds of South Australia
Abutilon malvaefolium (Malvaceae)
Mallow Lantern-bush
List of species for Abutilon
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Seed collecting:
September to November
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened
Kingoonya (GAW05)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [limited habitat]
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Near Threatened
Warriner (SSD04)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Near Threatened
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Near Threatened
Macumba (STP05) 
 Near Threatened
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Near Threatened
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Near Threatened
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
3 of 8 subregionsGawlerNear Threatened
, Rare
Warriner (SSD04)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
3 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesNear Threatened
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeNear Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Abutilon]
Name derivation:
Abutilon from the Arabic 'aubutilun' used for mallow-like plant and quoted by the Arabian physician Avicenna as belonging to this or some allied genus. Malvaefolium from 'malva' the genus and Latin 'folium' meaning leaf; referring to the leaves of this species resembling those of the genus Malva.
Distribution:
Found scattered in the arid interior of South Australia. Also found in Western Australia, Northern territory, Queensland and New South Wales.
Status:
Native. Scattered but common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Small shrub to 30 cm high and sometimes with the branches spreading close to the ground. Leaves ovate, covered with hairs, usually with 3-5 very shallow lobes to 4 cm long, on long slender stalk. Flowers yellow from February to November.
Fruit type:
Papery capsule with 5-10 segments.
Seed type:
Reniform seeds to 2 mm with tow different texture, black smooth surface and a brown surface covered with fine curved hairs.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning pale straw colour and contain brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 88%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA4300 (9.19 g)50+25-Sep-2008TST519
Lake Eyre
20-Jul-200988%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.