Seeds of South Australia
Callitris glaucophylla (Cupressaceae)
White Cypress-pine
List of species for Callitris
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   [Possibly increasing where goats are controlled]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern   [doing well]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern   [doing well]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range, not sure if regenerating]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Near Threatened   [Bob C - can be confused with gracilis]
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Near Threatened   [Bob C - can be confused with gracilis]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [heavily grazed; not much regeneration]
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern   [isolated trees]
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05) 
 Least Concern
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Least Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Baltana (STP07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Near Threatened   [scattered trees]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaNear Threatened
  [Bob C - can be confused with gracilis]
8 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
3 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborRare
3 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
2 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsRare
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Callitris]
Name derivation:
Callitris from the Greek 'kalos' meaning beautiful and 'treis' meaning three; referring to the arrangement of the leaves in whorls of three. Glaucophylla from the Greek 'glaukos' meaning bluish and 'phyllon' meaning a leaf; in referring to the bluish glaucous leaves.
Distribution:
Found in the central and northern parts of South Australia, growing in inland woodlands on loamy plains, sandy rises and outcrops. Also found in the Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales and in Western Australia and Victoria under Callitris columellaris.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Shrubs or trees to 30 m high, with a single trunk. Bark brown, rough and furrowed. Leaves in whorls of 3 (sometimes 4 or 5 when juvenile), usually glaucous (bluish grey), juvenile leaves 7-8 mm, mature leaves 1-3 mm long with apex broadly acute, dorsal surface not keeled.
Fruit type:
Dark brown, depressed-globose to ovoid cone to 2.5 cm diameter, surface smooth, solitary, rarely remaining on the plant long after maturity.
Seed collecting:
Collect cones that are not open but large, hard and dark. These will contain maturing seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the cones in a tray and leave to dry for 3-5 weeks to allow the cones to open naturally. Then shake the cones in a bucket to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the seeds from the cones. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Viable seed should germinate readily, if stored in a fridge prior to sowing in winter.