Seeds of South Australia
Abutilon otocarpum (Malvaceae)
Desert Lantern
List of species for Abutilon
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [probably not in region]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [southern limit ]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1+2)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Least Concern
Tallaringa (GVD05) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Carlisle (NUL01)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Curnamona (BHC06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Least Concern
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Near Threatened
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionNear Threatened
, Vulnerable
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
8 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexRare
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsFinkeLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Abutilon]
Name derivation:
Abutilon from the Arabic 'aubutilun' used for mallow-like plant and quoted by the Arabian physician Avicenna as belonging to this or some allied genus. Otocarpum from the Greek 'otos' meaning ear and 'carpos' meaning fruit; referring to the fruitlets which are rounded at the top and ear-shaped.
Distribution:
Found across South Australia except for the coastal areas and the South-east. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Small compact or erect shrub to 60 cm high, covered with a dense velvety hairs. Leaves thick, ovate and covered in velvety hairs. inflorescence solitary in upper axils with large yellow flowers. Flowers throughout the year.
Fruit type:
Papery capsule to 10 mm diameter composed of 10-20 pubescent fruitlets which are rounded at the top and ear-shaped.
Seed type:
Dark brown reniform seed to 3 mm long with a wrinkled surface.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning pale straw colour and contain hard brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
21186/10593 (41.95 g)
21186/10593 (20.9 g)
>5025-Oct-2004MOL 4613
Gairdner-Torrens
90%
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.