Seeds of South Australia
Calostemma luteum (Amaryllidaceae)
Yellow Garland-lily
List of species for Calostemma
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
August to October
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Murray
NRM regions:
South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [needs good rain ]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA bd(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [hybridising; flowers after floods]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Near Threatened
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Near Threatened
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Near Threatened
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Calostemma]
Name derivation:
Calostemma from the Greek 'kalos' meaning beautiful and 'stemma' meaning crown,referring to the corona comprised of the filaments. Luteum from Latin meaning yellow, referring to the colour of the flowers.
Found scattered in the eastern part of South Australia north of the Murray River growing in drainage and floodplain systems. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Bulb globular to 6 cm diameter, covered with thin brown coating. Leaves, several, linear, flat to 50cm long and 8 mm wide, developing after the flowering. Flower-head terminal on a long stalk with 8-20 yellow tubular flowers in the umbel. Flowering between April and September. Calostemma luteum intergrades with C. purpureum along the Murray River producing various colour forms but can be distinguished by the generally larger flowers with more widely spreading petals and predominately yellow flower colour, with fewer scape bracts.
Fruit type:
Globular capsule to 1 cm diameter with a few seeds in each.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules off the plant or on the ground next to the plant.
Seed cleaning:
No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds can not be stored long term.
Seed viability:
Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and cannot be stored long term  for ex-situ conservation.
Seed germination:
Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.