Seeds of South Australia
Carex iynx (Cyperaceae)
Bergalia Tussock
List of species for Carex
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
December to April
Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   [1 old record, possibly introduced]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR D)   (Definite Decline)   [possibly extinct. no plants at present]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Carex]
Name derivation:
Carex is the classical Latin name for sedge, perhaps from 'carere' meaning to be absent, as the upper spikes are staminate (male) and do not produce seeds. May have been used by Virgil for plants in this genus and derives from ancient Greek 'keiro' meaning to cut, referring to the sharp edge of leaf margins.
Very few collections from South Australia, from the southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east, growing on fertile soil in depressions and fringing watercourses. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Coarse tufted perennial sedge with short ascending tough woody rhizomes forming large clumps, base of culms covered with the fibrous remains of old leaf sheaths. Flower-spikes 1 to several at the nodes of the culm; mature female spikes usually 5-8 mm diameter, the lowermost drooping on long slender peduncles longer than the spikes; upper 1-4 spikes predominantly male. Flowers in spring and summer.
Fruit type:
Pale brown, clusters of drooping heads, each containing numerous individual fruit.
Seed type:
Brown three-sided seed to 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, covered by a striated papery layer with a pointed forked tip.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits either by running your hands along the heads; mature seeds will come-off easily, or cut whole heads that are brown, containing dark hard seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the heads with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collections, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA10000 (17.68 g)36-Jan-2008RJB76802
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.