Seeds of South Australia
Cassytha melantha (Lauraceae)
Coarse Dodder-laurel
List of species for Cassytha
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Seed collecting:
August to December
Herbarium regions:
Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern   [likes mallee]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [likes mallee]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [likes mallee; limited habitat]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Near Threatened
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
6 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaNear Threatened
4 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cassytha]
Name derivation:
Cassytha from  the Greek 'kasytas' or 'kadytas', a name for a parasite which this genus bears a strong resemblance, and thought to have been dodder (genus Cuscuta). Melantha from the Greek 'melas' meaning black and 'anthos' meaning flower; referring to the dark-red to black appearance of its inflorescence and petals covered with short, appressed black hairs.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in woodlands and mallee scrubs, often extensively and densely draping over and sometimes smothering shrubs and trees. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Robust perennial twiner with stems terete, to 4 mm thick, striate, glabrescent, green to reddish-green, younger parts pubescent. Leaves triangular-ovate, to 1 mm long and 0.8 mm wide, red-pubescent, drying black. Inflorescence a single cluster with 2–13 white ovoid flowers, sepals triangular covered with short white, red and black hairs, petals ovate covered with short, appressed black hairs. Flowering between June and October.
Fruit type:
Globular fleshy fruit to 15 mm diameter, glabrescent, light-green to cream-white, drying black.
Seed type:
Black globular woody seed.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collecting mature fruits, those that are soft, green, light-green to cream-white or black and have a hard woody seed inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub with your hands to remove the soft flesh. Remove any seeds that are floating. These will be empty seeds. Drain the water and keep only the hard seeds at the bottom. Place the seeds on paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.