Seeds of South Australia
Cassytha peninsularis (Lauraceae)
Streaked Dodder-laurel
List of species for Cassytha
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Seed collecting:
October to April
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [grows on anything]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Data Deficient   [should be more records]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Data Deficient   [should be more records]
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Data Deficient   [should be more records]
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Data Deficient   [should be more records]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cassytha]
Name derivation:
Cassytha from  the Greek 'kasytas' or 'kadytas', a name for a parasite which this genus bears a strong resemblance, and thought to have been dodder (genus Cuscuta). Peninsularis from the Latin 'peninsula' meaning a narrow body of land; referring to the species occurring on Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas.
Distribution:
Endemic to South Australia and found on the Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas and Kangaroo Island.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
Parasitic perennial twiner with stem to 2.5 mm thick, glabrescent, rarely rugulose, yellow-green, green to green-red. Leaves reduced, ovate, to 2 mm long and 1 mm wide, scattered hairs, often with a central gland. Inflorescence a panicle with 1–5 yellow flowers, sepals triangular, mostly glabrous, yellow, in fruit light-brown, petals ovate, glabrous or rarely sprinkled with few hairs outside, yellow, in fruit dark brown. Flowering between October and February.
Fruit type:
Green and red band, globular fleshy fruit to 7 mm long and 6.5 mm wide, pubescent, broadly banded with dull-green and dull red-brown hairs.
Seed type:
Globular woody seed.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collecting mature fruits, those that are soft, green-red and have a hard woody seed inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub with your hands to remove the soft flesh. Remove any seeds that are floating. These will be empty seeds. Drain the water and keep only the hard seeds at the bottom. Place the seeds on paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.