Seeds of South Australia
Cassytha pubescens (Lauraceae)
Downy Dodder-laurel
List of species for Cassytha
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Seed collecting:
March to June
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Near Threatened
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern   [likes leptospermums]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [likes leptospermums]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [likes leptospermums]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [disjunct pop., wetter areas]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Near Threatened
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [could be C melantha]
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [could be C melantha]
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainNear Threatened
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [could be C melantha]
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [could be C melantha]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cassytha]
Name derivation:
Cassytha from  the Greek 'kasytas' or 'kadytas', a name for a parasite to which this genus bears a strong resemblance and thought to have been dodder (genus Cuscuta). Pubescens from Latin meaning downy, short hairs, referring to its pubescent stems and leaves.
Found  southern South Australia growing in open forest. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmnia (and New Zealand).
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Weak to robust parasitic twiner with terete stems to 1.5 mm thick, striate; pubescent to glabrescent; yellow-green to reddish, younger parts, pubescent or woolly; hairs white or red. Leaves reduced, triangular-ovate, to 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, woolly to glabrescent. Inflorescence a single, or often paired spike with 2–10 white flowers; sepals triangular to ovate, pubescent to glabrescent,;honey-yellow to brown, black in fruit, petals ovate to obovate, pubescent, hairs mostly grey but sometimes black, yellow or red. Flowering between December and April.
Fruit type:
Grey, green-grey to green-red fleshy globular fruit to 10 mm long and 9 mm; glabrescent to heavily pubescent with indumentum mixed red and white
Seed type:
Globular woody seed.
Embryo type:
Linear under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collecting mature fruits, those that are soft, grey, green-grey to green-red and have a hard woody seed inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub with your hands to remove the soft flesh. Remove any seeds that are floating. These will be empty seeds. Drain the water and keep only the hard seeds at the bottom. Place the seeds on paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.